Kidney location and function
Who does not want to be beautiful, healthy, strong and healing? Cleaning the outside the body is in your hands, but the inside of the body is the responsibility of the kidneys (liver) and liver. The liver releases bile through the body with various contaminants. The kidneys have the important function of removing unnecessary harmful substances from the body. Now we know about kidney Location kidney disease.
The number of patients suffering from Donna’s disease has increased dramatically over the past few years. Kidney disorder is the main cause of the increase in the number of patients with diabetes and high blood pressure.
Through this book every effort has been made to provide every person with knowledge, information, instructions regarding kidney as far as possible. At the same time, efforts have been made to provide important knowledge on the symptoms, treatment and prevention of kidney disease.
Various chapters of this book describe the simplest way to prevent kidney disease, eliminate the prevalence of kidney disease, dialysis, kidney transplantation, cadaver replacement, diet and general guidelines. Medical words and short words have been interpreted at the end of the book so that the reader can read the book directly without difficulty. This book will help ordinary people and kidney patients to become aware of kidney disease.
Kidney location and function
Kidney is an important part of the human body. The kidneys should be compared with the supercomputer because the structure and function of the kidneys are so complex.
Kidney cleanses the blood of the body and produces urine. Urine removal from the body is done by the Staff (Ureter) IAT “FI (Urinary Bladder) SIE urinary tract (Urethra).
There are usually two kidneys on the body of both men and women. The kidney is located in the abdomen, towards the back, at the waist on either side of the spine.
The kidneys are shaped like bean seeds. The kidneys of an adult are usually 3 centimeters long, 3 centimeters wide and 5 centimeters thick. Each kidney weighs between 3-5 grams.
The kidney prepared by the kidney reaches the bladder through the urinary tract, usually up to 25 cm in length, and is made by a special kind of rubber (Elastic) muscle.
The bladder is a nerve pouch located in the front (bottom) of the abdomen, in which the urine accumulates.
When urine is deposited in the bladder, the urinary velocity is increased. By the urinary tract the urine comes out of the body.
Kidney function Kidney needs and importance
Kidney Location and Function Kidney Location and Function
Each person’s dietary patterns and levels vary daily.
Due to the variation in diet, the levels of water, acid and alkali are constantly changing.
During the process of digestion of food many unnecessary substances are produced in the body
If the body does not lose its balance with water, acid or alkali, it can cause harm or death to humans.
The kidneys purify the blood from the body as urine or substances from the body and balance the alkali and acid in the body. In this way the kidneys keep the body transparent and healthy.
The main function of the kidney
The main functions of the kidney are:
The kidney normally removes all the essential substances from the body from the urine.
Balancing water in the body
The kidneys excrete excess water from the body through the urine.
Balance the acid and alkali
Kidney works by keeping the levels of sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium, phosphates, bi-carbonate, etc. in the body. Sodium levels increase or decrease in the head, and potassium levels can have a profound effect on cardiac or nervous system activity.
Blood pressure control
The kidneys release many hormones such as angiotensin, aldosterone, prostaglandin.
These hormones help balance the body’s water levels, acidity and alkali. By this balance the kidneys work to maintain blood pressure in the body.
Help in the production of blood cells
Red blood cells present in the blood (RBC) are created every minute in Chimney Ergopoietin is used in the hormone-forming bone marrow. Erythropoietin is produced by the kidney. When kidney failure fails, the hormone secretion decreases or stops completely, which results in blood feces, which glomeruli are what everyone calls anemia.
The kidneys help to create active vitamin D. This vitamin D plays important functions in the development and strengthening of bones and teeth while maintaining the critical levels of calcium and phosphorus in the body.
How urine is created after purification of blood in kidney
Depending on how much urine is made throughout the day, (1) the amount of water I drink (2) the body is extracted. Water levels (1) on hormone ADH levels in the body (1) on kidney well-being. If the kidney is ill and GFR (Globular Filtration Rate) then the ability to make urine is also reduced.
The kidneys excrete unnecessary substances from the urinary bladder, leaving them with essential substances. This is a unique, strange and complex process.
In the kidneys of the body, 120 milliliters of blood comes in every minute, which is about 20% of the blood flowing through the heart. Thus, approximately 1 liter of blood is circulated every 24 hours.
The Functional Unit Nephron acts as a filter.
Each kidney contains one million nephrons. Nephrons are mainly divided into two parts, the glomerulus and the tubules. You may be surprised to know that the glomerulus filter produces 5 liters of urine every 24 hours by producing 125 milliliters of urine every minute. These 4 liters of urine contain unnecessary substances, alkali and toxins. At the same time, it contains essential substances, such as glucose and other substances. The 5 liters of urine caused by glomerulus come to the tubules, where 5% of the product is reabsorption.
The absorption in the tubules is called intelligent absorption
This is because the urine, which is in excess of 3 liters of urine, is replenished from the urine and water. Only 4 to 2 liters of urine is excreted from the body by removing unnecessary substances and acids.
In this way, the urine prepared by the kidneys through various complex purification processes is deposited in the bladder through the urethra and drains out of the body by the urinary tract.
A healthy normal person may have higher / lower urine levels
Yes. The amount of urine depends on the temperature of the water and the temperature. If a person drinks less water then they leave dark urine. (3ml) per day is enough to control urine contamination. Drinking more water creates more and thin urine. In the summer, urine levels are reduced for excessive sweating, and in winter, urine levels are reduced to reduce sweating.
15 tips on kidney disease
When the kidney is infected with a disease of its own, or the kidney is infected with another disease, which results in the disappearance of the kidney for three months or more, it is called chronic kidney disease. However, if the kidney function in addition to the kidney disease disappears in certain cases, it can still be called chronic kidney disease. For example, chronic nephritis can gradually reduce the kidney’s effectiveness by attacking the kidney filter. This can lead to chronic kidney disease. Likewise, diabetes or hypertension can destroy the kidney filter / filter even without kidney disease. Again, chronic kidney disease can occur if someone is born poorly, or if the kidney size is small or large.
The key is the kidney filtrate
Within six weeks after birth, the kidney filtrate or filter membrane is fully formed. That is, the kidney can start working full-time. An adult has about 8-12 lakh slices in each kidney and purifies 5 liters of blood every 24 hours. One to three liters of the purified blood is released through the urine. So if for some reason such filters are interrupted, then chronic kidney disease can occur.
To check the effectiveness of the kidney, a blood substance called cretinize is measured in the blood, indicating how much the kidney is functioning. The sad thing is that the organic matter can only grow in the body after it has lost 3 percent of its kidney function. In a healthy male man’s body, cretinize is given as 0.5 mg and 5 mg in a woman’s body. If this cretinize persists for 3 months or more over 5.7 milligrams in a male, he is identified as a chronic kidney disease.
Complications of chronic kidney disease
The most disadvantage of chronic kidney disease is that, in most cases, such a patient has no symptoms. As a result, they do not seek medical treatment from year to year. When their symptoms appear, their kidney’s effectiveness disappears by 5 percent. As a result, it is often not possible to return to a healthy state of medicine through medication. When the kidneys gradually become completely inactive, they fall into the abyss of death. But if chronic kidney disease can be diagnosed at an early stage, then partial or complete cure of these diseases would be possible through treatment. Therefore, it is very important to raise awareness among the public whether anyone is suffering from chronic kidney disease.
Need regular testing
It is only through awareness that it is possible to know if a patient has kidney problems. For example, whether an adult has symptoms or not, his blood pressure needs to be monitored regularly, whether albumin is excreted in the urine, and whether he has diabetes. If anyone has diabetes, they need to check if albumin and micro albumin are going in the urine at least once a year and cretinize is normal in the blood. The same rule applies for high blood pressure.
The horrors of kidney disease
Most have no symptoms of chronic kidney disease. Therefore, such patients do not seek refuge from the doctor. Therefore, it is important to know the symptoms of chronic kidney disease. Although chronic kidney disease can cause symptoms such as nausea, loss of appetite, anemia, water accumulation in the body, variations in respiration and urine, itching of the body without skin disease and progressively losing daily functioning. In our country, 5 percent of the patients seek refuge with these symptoms and blood tests show that 5 percent of the kidneys have been lost. Chronic kidney failure causes many complications in addition to the above symptoms. The main cause of this is heart disease.
Various studies show that the risk of developing kidney disease in those with chronic kidney disease increases by 3 to 5 percent. In some cases it may exceed 5 percent. For example, a US study found that chronic kidney acne patients suffer from 3 to 5 percent of hypertension, 25 percent of heart stroke and 20 percent of heart failure. 5 percent of the heart cells grow larger and the risk of brain stroke increases by six percent. And the above rate increases due to diabetes related kidney disease. In addition, kidney failure patients are always suffering from anemia, which can subsequently increase the size of the kidney cell to heart failure. In addition, they do not have fat balance in their blood and lack vitamin ‘D’.
One million kidney diseases in the country
In Bangladesh, the Kidney Foundation and BSMMU have been conducting research on how many people have chronic kidney disease in Chakulia village of Saar for three years. A study conducted on 3,000 adults found that about 1 percent of people suffer from chronic kidney disease. In 4% of these patients, cretinize in the blood is gradually decreasing above the normal level, i.e. the effectiveness of their kidneys. In the United States, a survey of 1,212 adults found that 5 percent of them had chronic kidney disease. In Australia, the number is 5 percent and in Iceland 3 percent. From this study, it is evident that about one million people are currently suffering from chronic kidney disease.
Thousands die every year
It is estimated from the statistics of various hospitals, that in Bangladesh about 5,000 patients die of kidney failure every year. Nephritis, diabetes and high blood pressure are the causes of kidney failure. The major cause of nephritis is attributed to bacterial infections, viral hepatitis, tuberculosis, malaria, jaundice and side effects of drugs. Chronic interstitial nephritis can be attributed to the mixing and adulteration of chemicals in food. Even arsenic in the water can increase the risk of kidney disease. Mercury, lead, gold and other metals can cause kidney disease. Hepatitis B and C virus HIV is a major cause of chronic kidney disease in South Africa. Malaria is the leading cause of kidney disease in the continent of Africa.
Treatment of a kidney disease patient
It is not possible to save the patient with medication only if the kidney is completely disabled. Regular dialysis or kidney transplantation is needed to save the patient. In the current world, a patient with regular dialysis can live a normal life of five to 6 years and with successful kidney transplantation, 4-5 years. Patients survive up to 5 years with regular hemodialysis in the world and have a record of almost 3 years of successful kidney transplantation. (Regular dialysis refers to the treatment of hemodialysis machines three to four hours a week.) Just as a kidney transplantation refers to the addition of a kidney to a nearby kidney. Of course, in the developed world, kidneys are often added to the dead kidney.
Kidney disease needs to be identified
At present, huge efforts are being taken on how to prevent chronic kidney disease in the developed and developing world. At the village and city level, measures are being taken to identify chronic kidney disease. According to the ongoing village-level research in Bangladesh, chronic kidney disease accounts for about 5 percent of which 9.5 percent have high blood pressure, five percent diabetes and six percent urine protein. Five percent of the diabetic patients mentioned 5 percent and 5 percent of hypertension and 6 percent of the protein excreted in the urine – all are considered to be chronic kidney disease. Patients were asked whether they knew about diabetes, hypertension, and protein excretion in the urine. Eighty-five percent of patients do not know that they have diabetes, hypertension or urine protein excretion and have not sought medical treatment. Therefore, these patients suffer from chronic kidney failure and gradually complete kidney failure. These patients should be identified and treated.
Ways to prevent kidney disease
It has been tested that ACE-inhibitors and ARB-based hypertensive drugs are effective in preventing kidney disease. Just as micro-albumin that is under the control of diabetes needs urgent treatment. In addition to regular exercise, fast food not eating and control of fatty foods, kidney disease can be prevented. Apart from this, playing the fat-controlling drugs in the field, kidney disease can be prevented if not smoked and the associated heart disease can be relieved.
Awareness of kidney patients and treatment of the disease in the early stages of diagnosis and treatment will help prevent the kidney failure of millions of kidneys. In addition, patients with kidney failure will be relieved of the huge cost of dialysis and kidney augmentation.
Cadaveric kidney transplant
Cadaveric kidney transplantation is when a kidney transplant from a deceased person’s kidney is transplanted into the body of a living patient. The hospital where the kidney will be replaced will have a brain death committee and an organ procurement committee. The Brain Death Committee will consist of a specialist physician team comprising professors, associate professors and assistant professors. And the Organ Procurement Committee will have a surgeon, a tissue typing specialist, a social worker. The social worker’s task is to motivate the nearest relative of the patient after the brain death of a patient in the ICU. When they agree, blood group, HLA typing and other necessary tests are performed. Then the kidneys collected by combining blood groups and tissue typing with the kidney-stricken patients, who are interested in transplantation, were kept operational by the life-saving machine. In this situation, the kidneys of the deceased are kept in ice for three to four hours before addition.
Five people can live together
Thousands of people die every year in various accidents in the country. With the introduction of cadaver or dead kidney transplantation, it is possible to immediately save the lives of thousands of pestilence patients by dissecting the kidneys and other organisms from those dead. There is no legal or religious complexity in the addition of posterior kidney. Like kidneys, the number of patients with liver failure is also countless. In the cadaver system, other organs can be replaced in the same condition, not just the kidneys. One dead person can save five patients at a time.
First, it is possible to save five different patients by replacing them with two kidneys, one liver in one body, one lung in one body, one heart in one body. This requires establishing a ‘Brain Death Committee’ and a full ‘Organ Procurement Committee’ at each institution. The task of the committee is to declare brain death immediately after the patient has consented to the donation and, if they agree, arrange for preservation after organ procurement, to reach the appropriate hospital. With the implementation of this method, thousands of other kidney-treated patients in Bangladesh, including other patients, can regain new life. It can save five patients at a time.
The law of organ transplantation in the human body
There are about 8 beds in more than 5 ICUs at the public and private levels in Dhaka alone. Many patients, including accidents, brain bleeding, are admitted here. With the death of these patients, if the kidneys, lungs, heart, liver, organs are preserved for five to 24 hours, it is possible to replace them in the body. It is possible to give a new life to these kidney-stricken patients who are nearing the end of the Datsun crisis.
Diet and nutrition of the kidney patient
The number of kidney patients is increasing day by day in our country. Of these, chronic kidney disease and infant kidney disease are most common. Some of the most common reasons are: Of food adulteration and toxic food. Increased interest in food and food intake 1. Sale of unhealthy open food in front of every school. Diabetes 1. High blood pressure 4. Extra weight in the body 4. 3 albumin excretion in the urine. In some cases, genetic and genetic factors are also responsible. One of the causes of many diseases is the unconsciousness of oneself, indifferent. You have to take care of yourself. One of the first doctors of a human being is his own awareness.
Will help him prevent many diseases. The word “say” is simply a better remedy than a cure. The individual body can give awareness to the healthy body. And there is no need for treatment for a healthy body. Disease is possible if each of us is not alone in our own responsibility. By adhering to certain rules, health will be achieved, and the cost of the medical sector will be huge.
The general rules are:
1. Regularly clean, wash daily and wash hands with soap before meals.
2. Healthy balanced diet should be taken. Kidney failure can result from diarrhea, diarrhea, even diarrhea, and habit of diarrhea due to unconsciousness.
3. Maintaining the ideal body weight. Overweight or overweight increases the likelihood of diseases, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and they both attack the kidneys.
4. Do not walk in the middle of the day without walking, maintain regular activities, exercise regularly or relax.
5. Monitor normal levels of sugar in the blood and check it regularly.
6. Regular blood pressure (blood pressure) test. Normal blood pressure is 120/1.
7. Eating is very important, everyone needs to know what to eat for healthy body ideal weight body, eat less food, avoid any food. How much food should I eat? Examples: A kidney patient whose serum is above cretinize 1 and serum potassium
8. he eats chicken soup and lots of fruits for two days consecutively due to physical weakness; She thought that the food would cut her weakness, she would regain normal wellness. However, the food is discarded for the patient. They are absolutely protein-rich (i.e. chicken), fruit (potassium-rich) are completely excluded. Everyone needs to be aware of food, nutrition is very important.
Dietary selection of certain diseases such as:
(c) kidney disease
(d) heart disease
(e) overweight kidney disease.
(f). Drink lots of water. This does not apply at all. Especially in kidney disease. Because the amount of urination depends on the amount of water you will drink. Too many words have no specified size. Therefore, the kidney patient should be particularly careful about receiving water. Consult your doctor or dietitian or health worker about this. Example: Some kidney patients are advised to drink 1 cup of water (24 hours). Considering his physical condition.
(G). Salt intake: Excess salt intake induces kidney disease. Take 5 teaspoons of salt daily in cooking, so your blood pressure will be under control. Be Moderate: From eating salt with pickles, cheese, chips, pickles, pears and salads and tomatoes.
(H) Quit smoking Otherwise it will not leave you. Example: A 5-year-old woman is hospitalized with lung cancer. His account shows that he started smoking cigarettes from the age of 25, consuming cigarettes for 3 years and not eating for 6 years = 1 year. Lung cancer at the age of 5 years. Under treatment Now you decide – be aware now.
(I). Avoid taking too many drugs. Do not take medicines at all. Your kidneys are constantly holding nutrients in the body and releasing unnecessary waste. And help him in his normal work. 12. Avoid consuming potent vitamin tablets. It slowly slows down your kidneys. Remember that no artificial vitamins are needed if you regularly take a balanced diet (like medicinal herbs). Permanent Kidney Oreo The unlimited misery of the temporary self will not make your kidney go away by itself. Kidney disease is extremely – painful, extremely expensive – and 5,000 deaths a year. About 5 percent of the invaders cannot afford this costly treatment. ১৩. Stay away from diabetes and high blood pressure. In our country 5% of people do not know their diabetes and 5% do not know their hypertension. This unknown merger gave birth to a new friend – that is, the horrific results of their failure to control kidney ache, hypertension and diabetes. A little personal awareness can bring infinite health, comfort.
The following is a general idea about the diet and onset of a kidney disease: The idea that the protein must be processed as soon as the kidney disease is detected is completely baseless. Measurement of protein intake will depend on cretinize levels in the blood. An adult healthy person is assigned 1 gram of protein per kilogram of body weight. In kidney disease, the weight of a person (1.5 grams to 1.5 grams) per kilogram is prescribed. In the most serious case, a patient weighing 5 kg is prescribed 1.5 g / kg of protein. As in (1.4) = 1 gram of protein. It is important to remember that the kidney patient has to be given high organic value propitiate protein. Such as fish, meat, eggs, yogurt etc. And you have to keep accurate calculations. 5 grams of fish / meat pieces does not mean 5 grams of protein, but only 4 grams of protein will be available from those 5 grams pieces. Many people do not want to eat more than 5 pieces of fish / meat. For 1 gram protein supplement: 1 piece fish (1 mos) = 1 mos protein, 1 piece chicken (1 mos) = 1 gram protein, 1 egg white = 1 gram protein, 1 cup (0.24 l) talk yogurt = 1 gram protein total = 25 grams Protein. The rest is available from rice, bread and vegetables. Kidney patient is losing weight day by day. Meanwhile, a list of food should be prepared. It should be noted that his diet will be limited in protein and proper calories:
(J) The kidney patient will eat a limited amount of fish, meat, milk, eggs. These are animal proteins.
(K) Vegetable protein or second-class protein such as pulses, beans, seaweed, shall not be in any type of sorghum Urban.
(L) Do not eat vegetables – cauliflower, barley, carrots, lamb, shim Herbert, kathal seeds, shim seeds, sweet pumpkin seeds, each, radish and bedding, pui and radish cannot be eaten.
(M) Eat vegetables – Lau, Jinga, Chichinga, Data, Corla, Patil, Papaya, Dhundhal, Sasha (without seeds) Sajna, Data can be eaten in Sak, Lalshka, Kamali, Helencha, Kachu.
(N) Pulses and dabs should not be eaten at all. This is because the levels of potassium in the blood of kidney patients increase. Choose less potassium rich vegetables. If the potassium levels are normal (1.5-1.2), the fruit cannot be kept on the food list if it is higher than sodium / s. Kidney patients should choose fruits with low potassium, such as apple, guava, ripe papaya, pears, vegetables and vegetables to reduce the potassium levels. Cut heavy Boil the vegetables first and drain the water. Then cook.
(O) Other foods that are to be excluded are tin meal, dried fish, nuts, pickles, chutney, sauce, etc.
Ideas about cretinize in the blood: You should be careful if the normal dose of cretinize in the blood is more than 1 to 12 micromole / liter. Get healthcare right away. Cretinize and protein intake: Cretinize measurements in the blood: 1 gram protein per 1 micromole / liter, 5 grams protein per 20-6 micromole / liter, 1 gram protein per 8-20 microdot / liter may be slightly more or less. This will determine your nutritionist.
Depending on the following conditions, a kidney patient should take what kind of diet: (1) type of kidney disease (2) stage of kidney disease (1) whether the patient has initiated dialysis (1) whether he has diabetes (1) whether the patient is overweight or not. And age analysis (1) physical exertion (1) urine excretion measure (1) blood test results, kidney patient need to be specially remembered, dietary list of each patient will be different, the above situation Diet analysis and management atyana important part of your treatment. Diet will not cure your kidney disease. Diet will play a major role in controlling kidney disease. Instead you may be in pain
Kidney augmentation and a human application
Rabbi and Shaped (pseudonym) are twin brothers. The two brothers are infected with chronic kidney disease. The widow’s mother’s eye is survived by two brother dialysis treatments. But with the addition of the kidneys, the two brothers can regain new life. Now the question is, who would be the kidneys?
At present, the number of kidney diseases in the world is increasing rapidly. The prevalence of this disease is very high in developing countries. About two million people are suffering from kidney disease in Bangladesh at present. An estimated 120 to 6 million people suffer from chronic kidney disease each year, and about 1,000 die from the disease every year. The number of kidney patients has increased by almost one crore in the last 6 years. The problem is, most of them do not know that they are suffering from kidney disease and when kidney disease causes physical problems, in most cases there is no way other than dialysis or kidney ailment.
Diabetes, high blood pressure and kidney inflammation – all three are the main cause of chronic kidney or chronic kidney disease. A recent survey found that about 1 percent of people with chronic kidney disease in Bangladesh, 3 percent in Australia and 1 percent in the US. The number of patients with chronic kidney disease or chronic kidney disease is equal to or greater than those with diabetes or high blood pressure. However, what is most alarming is that both diabetes and high blood pressure are again the leading cause of chronic kidney aqueous disease. As a result, chronic kidney disease is considered a threat to public health.
If we measure blood pressure regularly and test blood for diabetes and kidney disease, it is possible to detect kidney disease early on. It is possible to reduce the number of kidney disease cases if kidney disease is diagnosed in the early stages and given appropriate treatment. In rural areas of Bangladesh, even in cities, blood pressure is not always controlled by 5% of the people suffering from high blood pressure. The same is true for patients with diabetes, which is very frightening, but only by controlling diabetes and blood pressure, we can prevent kidney disease greatly.
This is about resistance. And the main treatment for chronic kidney disease is chronic dialysis or kidney ailment. Dialysis treatment is expensive and machine-dependent, so it costs around three to four lakhs a year. On the other hand, the cost of adding kidney to the government hospital is Rs 1.5 lakh to two lakhs. Then every year, the cost of the drug is about Rs. In fact, kidney transplantation is the ideal treatment for end-stage chronic kidney disease. Dialysis is never possible for all kidney function, only one kidney can do another kidney function.