Diabetes in pregnancy

Root Causes of diabetes in pregnancy

Studies have shown that at least ten percent of women are more likely to have diabetes during pregnancy. In pregnancy, the placenta produces a variety of hormones for the fetus, which in turn, produces high levels of glucose in the mother’s body. And in order to use this glucose properly, more insulin is produced in the body. The mother’s body is suddenly unprepared for this change and cannot release enough insulin, causing blood glucose levels to rise, resulting in gestational diabetes.

  • Harmful aspects of gestational diabetes
  • Gestational diabetes can cause a number of problems.
  • · The size of the baby becomes larger which creates problems during delivery.
  • Increased maternal blood pressure and increased risk of maternal pre-eclampsia.
  • General Chat Chat Lounge The delivery may begin even before time.
  • · The risk of delivery of a dead child is high.

After birth, the baby may also have various problems. For example, jaundice, a decrease in the amount of glucose in the blood. Moreover, these children are more likely to become obese or diabetes in the future.

How to Avoid Diabetes During Pregnancy

The best way to avoid gestational diabetes is to control your weight and stay fit before pregnancy. From the moment you start planning your pregnancy, you should pay attention to these issues. Being overweight and taking a baby after the age of thirty increases the risk of diabetes. And if someone in your family is suffering from type 2 diabetes, then you have a higher risk of developing diabetes, and if you have diabetes during your first pregnancy, then you will be at risk a second time.

Symptoms of gestational diabetes

There really aren’t any of the following symptoms that you can be sure of, but in many cases the following symptoms do occur –

  • · Extra thirst available
  • · Frequent urination
  • · Abnormal fatigue
  • · Frequent vaginal infections or thrush

However, most of these symptoms are seen in many pregnant women. So the only way to be absolutely certain that you have gestational diabetes is to have a routine blood glucose test. This test should be performed at the first checkup after conception and should be repeated within 20 to 20 weeks of gestation.

In most cases, diabetes can be controlled by a healthy diet and exercise.

  • As a result -Blood glucose levels can be controlled according to the doctor’s advice.
  • · Adequate nutrition can be ensured for both the baby and the mother of the womb.
  • · Maintaining the right weight during pregnancy is easy.

However, many mothers may require insulin injections, so consult a doctor regularly. The most important is to keep your mother’s blood glucose under control through regular check-ups. If blood glucose levels are properly controlled, complications of gestational diabetes can be easily avoided.

How to understand diabetes in pregnancy

There is no specific symptom of gestational diabetes, which will show that the mother has gestational diabetes. Diabetes is usually detected when blood glucose is measured at the check-up during 20 to 20 weeks. However, if your doctor thinks you are at high risk of developing diabetes, you may want to ask for an diabetes test at the first ANC check up. Will do it again in 20 to 20 weeks.

However, some reasons have been identified that can cause diabetes during pregnancy –

  • If you are over 20 years old
  • you are overweight before pregnancy
  • If you already have diabetes during pregnancy (who are second or third time)
  • You have delivered a baby weighing 5 and a half kg before
  • If your father, mother or uncle have diabetes
  • Most of the time, gestational diabetes has no symptoms, but sometimes there may be symptoms. Below are some of the symptoms:
  • Feeling extra tired
  • More thirsty
  • Frequent urination
  • Frequent urinary tract infection
  • See blurry eyes
  • Diabetes should be examined by talking to your doctor only if you see the above symptoms.

Risky aspects of diabetes in pregnancy

 Risky aspects of diabetes in pregnancy What are the complications of mother and child during diabetes in pregnancy ?

Many pregnant mothers do not understand why, how. I am going to inform them of this. This problem may not be very common, but it will be very painful for anyone. Although not your own, relatives and friends will see many people suffering from this complication. Now you may be wondering what is diabetes during pregnancy? Just because diabetes means we all know.

Never before had diabetes, but gestational diabetes is a condition known as blood sugar during pregnancy, when it first rises and becomes normal after delivery. If the result of RBS is higher than normal level (usually more than 3) and not only once, but at least for more than 5 times actually FBS (before meals), 2hr ABF, AL, 2 hr BD test should be confirmed. These tests are not just for pregnancy, like diabetes at any time.

Due to stress in the human body, the amount of sugar in the blood can increase. This is called latent diabetes. Infection can cause infections, infections, stress.

Can all mothers have this problem? Like other pregnancy problems, there are some risk factors. Routine checkups should be done during pregnancy and regular screening should be done if there are any risk factors.

What are the complications of mother and child during diabetes in pregnancy ?

1. Blood pressure may increase

2. The amount of water in the womb can increase

3. May leaves for labor before a certain time

4. Baby can be spoiled

5. Urinary tract infections can occur

6. Ketoacidosis, kidney and eye problems can occur if diabetes is not in control

Prenatal Problems’ pregnancy in diabetes


1. Delivery may be delayed

2. Even if the head is out, the shoulder may be stuck

Next issue of delivery pregnancy in diabetes


1. Postpartum bleeding may occur

2. Infection can occur

3. Milk may be delayed

Baby problems diabetes in pregnancy

Baby problems diabetes in pregnancy Nutrition of  Diabetes in pregnancy Next issue of delivery   pregnancy in  diabetes


1. Grow big

2. Congenital defects such as – Anencephaly, Microcephaly, Neural Tube defect, ASD, VSD etc.

Nutrition of Diabetes in pregnancy

Women generally suffer from diabetes in two ways. One. Diabetes already in the womb, two. Diabetes during pregnancy.

Gestational diabetes usually recovers after childbirth. The likelihood of their mother being subsequently infected with type 2 diabetes increased manifold.

Gestational diabetes is when the mother’s blood glucose levels are higher than normal during pregnancy.

If the blood glucose level in the empty stomach is 0.5 millimole / liter (1 mg / dl) or higher in the morning or 2 hours after eating 1 gram glucose, then he has gestational diabetes. To identify as. This method is called OGTT (Oral Glucose Tolerance Test).

Treatment of diabetes in pregnancy

Diabetes during pregnancy should be very tightly controlled. Because, in many cases, it is complicated if there is no tight control. For this reason, the patient is given a food list first.

Mothers with gestational diabetes need to provide foods that control the amount of glucose in their blood. The nutritional quality of the food must be taken into account. I should encourage you to eat according to the rules. At this time, you have to eat a little more frequently.

You have to choose foods that are low in fat and high in fat. A good source of sugar such as rice, cereal grains, fruits etc. can meet the nutritional needs during pregnancy. Pregnant mothers are required to provide various nutritious foods including calcium rich foods (eg milk, almonds), reddish, spinach, cucumber, crab lily, gargle-fed fish.

If there is no restriction on the walk, the patient is advised to walk. Many people think that walking can not be done during pregnancy. But if there were no complications, he would be able to walk for half an hour.

By this the body is fit for pregnancy. Blood glucose levels are under control. And if it does not, then he is given insulin. During this time, no oral medication is given to the mouth. Those who already have diabetes and use oral medications in their mouth; In their case, the insulin should be stopped immediately after the pregnancy has been understood and started using insulin.

In this case a gynecologist must be followed up. And if the gynecologist is not alone, the patient should go to the endocrinologist or diabetologist. The baby should be breastfed immediately after birth and every 3 hours.

Because breast milk controls the right amount of glucose in the baby’s blood, and it avoids the problems that can occur because of low blood glucose. In addition, breastfeeding at birth is in control of the mother’s body weight.

Treatment of gestational diabetes

Insulin injections should only be used to treat gestational diabetes. In the treatment of diabetes, it is better not to use oral medications.
People who already have diabetes and use oral medications in their mouth. In their case, the insulin needs to be stopped immediately after the pregnancy has been understood and the insulin can be used.
Many women do not need any medication. Only through a change of diet and a moderate amount of physical exercise can the body be kept healthy. The key factors in controlling gestational diabetes are proper diet control, moderate exercise, periodic diabetes levels, regular gynecology or consultation with a diabetes specialist.


During pregnancy, everyone should eat the right amount of balanced and balanced diet. If suffering from gestational diabetes, the patient must adhere to a specific dietary schedule. In general, dietary intake may consist of 5 percent of daily intake, 5 percent of sugar, and 25 percent of fat or diet. During pregnancy, a dietitian or a diabetes specialist must follow the recommended dietary schedule. It is good for diabetics to have a regular habit of walking lightly during pregnancy, but it is not advisable to do any heavy exercise at any stage.


Regular blood sugar test and insulin levels should be determined. Also, measuring regular blood pressure, measuring whether the baby is growing properly is also important for a gestational diabetic woman. If there is no complication, a gestational diabetic woman’s delivery may be normal. There is no need to have a cesarean operation only if you have gestational diabetes. The baby should be breastfed as soon as possible after delivery.

Alert during delivery diabetes in pregnancy

In gestational diabetes patients but there is no barrier to normal delivery. If the mother has uncontrolled diabetes, high blood pressure, pre-eclampsia, chronic complications, overweight infant or fetal growth, then in these cases, delivery should be done either normally or by Caesar before the prescribed time. At the time of delivery, the mother’s blood glucose levels should be 0.5 to 0.5 millimole / liter.

5 ways to prevent the risk of diabetes in pregnancy

1. Providing the right food at the right dose:

Mothers with gestational diabetes need to provide foods that control the amount of glucose in their blood. However, the nutritional quality of the food must be taken into account.
Mothers should be encouraged to eat according to the rules. At this time, you have to eat a little more frequently.
You have to choose foods that are low in fat and high in fat. Good sources of sugar such as rice, cereal grains, fruits etc. meet nutritional needs during pregnancy.
Pregnant mothers are required to provide various nutritious foods including calcium rich foods (eg milk, almonds), reddish, spinach, cucumber, crab lily, gargle-fed fish.
 

2. Body Exercise and Normal Functioning:

Some of the daily routine work helps to keep the body active. For example, walking or swimming. By this the body is fit for pregnancy. Blood glucose levels are under control.

3. Regularly check blood glucose levels:

The blood glucose levels should be checked regularly during pregnancy. If you have previously been diagnosed with gestational diabetes, it is best to only measure glucose twice a day during pregnancy. Wake up once in the morning on an empty stomach and 2 hours after taking food the second time.

4.. Insulin:

If it is not possible to control blood glucose levels through diet and physical activity, insulin intake may be required according to the doctor’s advice. In addition, patients who are already diabetic and dependent on insulin must be treated with insulin.

5.. Post-natal management:

The baby should be breastfed immediately after birth and every 6 hours. Because breast milk regulates the level of glucose in the baby’s blood, and it avoids any problems that may occur due to low glucose in the blood. In addition, breastfeeding at birth is in control of the mother’s body weight.

Things to avoid:

Once gestational diabetes is infected, the likelihood of later diabetes will be multiplied. In 5% of mothers who have gestational diabetes, they suffer from diabetes in the next 8-20 years, and in subsequent pregnancies there is a higher chance of developing gestational diabetes again. Let’s not know what to do to avoid future risks –

1. Live a healthier life

2. Eat the right food at the right time at the right amount

3. Keep the weight under control

4. Maintain normal functioning

5. As per doctor’s advice, check glucose levels in the blood every 2 years.

With a little awareness and caution, it is possible to easily survive the complications of pregnancy. The life of the unborn child will also become beautiful and healthy.

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